Dietary guidelines for acute glomerulonephritis in children2017-09-12 18:09
Acute glomerulonephritis is a group of primary glomerulonephritis with acute nephritis syndrome as the main clinical manifestation. Children suffering from acute glomerulonephritis after both attention to drugs, drug treatment, but also pay attention to diet therapy. Scientific and reasonable diet is beneficial to children with acute glomerulonephritis remission. So what are the dietary principles of acute glomerulonephritis in children?
1, limit the sodium and water
Early onset, edema as the main symptoms, the kidneys can not normally drain sodium water. Limit drinking water and avoid salt, is a good way to eliminate edema. Should be based on the condition, urine and edema, given low salt, no salt or less sodium diet. Less sodium diet in addition to no salt or soy sauce, but also to avoid the use of high sodium foods.
2, control potassium intake
Oliguria or anuria should be strictly controlled potassium supply, moisture limit of 500ml / d below, to avoid eating high potassium foods, such as beans, fresh mushrooms, red dates, mushrooms, shellfish, vegetables and fruits.
3, carbohydrates and fats
Do not strictly limit the total amount of fat, but less to the animal fat and oil and fried food. Acute nephritis is often accompanied by high blood pressure, should not eat animal fat, to prevent elevated blood lipids; should increase the dessert, high carbonaceous vegetables, diet to light is better.
4, supply enough vitamins
Recovery period can be more for yam, red dates, longan, lotus seeds, white fungus and other nourishing food. Vitamin A, B vitamins, vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin B1: iron, etc., are conducive to the recovery of renal function and prevention of anemia, food should be sufficient to add; optional vinegar roasted cabbage, tomato scrambled eggs, fried carrot Such as food.
5, low protein
According to the degree of renal damage to determine the protein intake, long course, if the renal function is not serious damage, food protein does not have to be strictly limited, not more than 1g / kg per day, of which more than 50% of high-quality protein. When there is azotemia, the protein is limited by the condition.
6, provide more alkaline food
In acute glomerulonephritis, the urine is acid, and the pH of the food can regulate the pH value of urine. Provide alkaline food, so that urine near neutral, is conducive to treatment. Oliguria should limit the potassium and more fruits and vegetables to prevent the occurrence of hyperkalemia. Acidic foods are metabolized in the body after the formation of acidic substances to food, beans and protein-rich meat-based food, and alkaline food with vegetables, fruits and milk and other food composition.
7, limit the irritating food
Restricted spices and irritating food, such as fennel, pepper and other food metabolites containing purine, discharged from the kidney, can increase the burden on the kidney, it should not eat; animal liver, kidney and other visceral nuclear protein, its metabolites containing purine And uric acid are also more should also eat less.
The above is the dietary principle of pediatric acute glomerulonephritis, for reference only. Children with glomerulonephritis in the course of treatment, must comply with the doctor's advice, in the diet can also consult the attention of physicians, so as not to conflict with drug treatment, affecting the treatment effect.
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