Acute glomerulonephritis diet principle2017-08-26 16:53
Acute glomerulonephritis is a group of primary glomerulonephritis with acute nephritis syndrome as the main clinical manifestation. The disease is self-limiting disease, should not be applied glucocorticoid and cytotoxic drugs. Scientific and reasonable diet is conducive to the rehabilitation of the disease, then, acute glomerulonephritis patients how good diet? The following describes the principles of acute nephritis diet.
1, limit the sodium and water
Early onset, edema as the main symptoms, the kidneys can not normally drain sodium water. Restricted drinking water and avoid salt, is a good way to eliminate edema. Should be based on the condition, urine and edema, given low salt, no salt or less sodium diet. Less sodium diet in addition to no salt or soy sauce, but also to avoid the use of high sodium foods.
Edema and hypertensive patients, should limit the salt, 2 ~ 3g / d; edema serious, control salt 2g / d below, or given salt-free diet, while regular check serum potassium, sodium levels, chronic nephritis polyuria or long Term sodium will cause sodium deficiency in the body.
2, control potassium intake
Oliguria or anuria should be strictly controlled potassium supply, moisture limit of 500ml / d the following, to avoid eating high potassium foods, such as beans, fresh mushrooms, red dates, mushrooms, shellfish, vegetables and fruits.
3, carbohydrates and fats
Most of the dietary heat is supplied by carbohydrates, supplemented with enough carbohydrates, to prevent the lack of heat, but also to provide a small amount of food for tissue repair and growth and development; should add dessert, fengpi, jelly and so on. Do not strictly limit the total amount of fat, but less to the animal fat and oil and fried food. Acute nephritis often accompanied by high blood pressure, should not eat animal fat, to prevent elevated blood lipids; should increase the dessert, high carbohydrate containing vegetables, diet is better light.
4, supply enough vitamin
Use fresh green leafy vegetables and fruits. Fresh vegetables can enhance the patient's appetite, unless it is limited to potassium in the oliguria period, the need to limit the vegetables; otherwise should give more fresh vegetables. Recovery period can be more for yam, red dates, longan, lotus seeds, Tremella and other nourishing food. Vitamin A, B vitamins, vitamin C, folic acid, vitamin B1: iron, etc., are conducive to the recovery of renal function and prevention of anemia, food should be sufficient to add; optional vinegar roasted cabbage, tomato scrambled eggs, fried carrot Such as food.
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